Orientexpress Eine visuelle Reise
Der Orient-Express war ursprünglich ein nur aus Schlaf- und Speisewagen zusammengesetzter Luxuszug der Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits, der erstmals am 5. Juni von Paris in Richtung Konstantinopel verkehrte. Der Orient-Express war ursprünglich ein nur aus Schlaf- und Speisewagen zusammengesetzter Luxuszug der Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. Der Venice-Simplon-Orient-Express verkehrt zwischen März und Oktober zwischen Venedig und Paris bzw. London. Einzelne Reisen führen über Budapest. Von Paris bis nach Kairo in nur 6 Tagen! Ich hatte Angst, aber war gleichzeitig hellauf begeistert. In diesem Jahr, , begann die Blütezeit des Simplon Orient-. Erleben Sie zeitlose Eleganz an Bord des Luxuszugs Venice-Simplon-Orient-Express. Genießen Sie Fahrten von London nach Venedig und durch ganz Europa.
Eine Reise mit dem legendären Venice - Simplon - Orient- Express ist wohl der eleganteste Weg, zwischen den Städten zu reisen. London - Paris - Venedig. 2. Erleben Sie zeitlose Eleganz an Bord des Luxuszugs Venice-Simplon-Orient-Express. Genießen Sie Fahrten von London nach Venedig und durch ganz Europa. Der Orient-Express war ursprünglich ein nur aus Schlaf- und Speisewagen zusammengesetzter Luxuszug der Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits, der erstmals am 5. Juni von Paris in Richtung Konstantinopel verkehrte.
Think about it - in its heyday in the s, it ran daily from Paris to Istanbul, a journey that took three nights. On any given night, there must have been one Simplon Orient Express leaving Paris, another on its second night out from Paris, a third approaching Istanbul on the last night of its journey, and another three Simplon Orient Expresses travelling in the other direction towards Paris.
So there must have been at least six sets of rolling stock! Before the war, the Orient Express used S-type sleeping-cars on the Calais-Istanbul and Calais-Athens run dating from , a few years older than the LX's with slightly smaller compartments and without all the wood marquetry of the LX sleepers , and after the war the Z-type.
At this period, the train consists exclusively of Wagons-Lits sleeping cars. The Taurus Express is a separate connecting train - see the Syria page.
This might give you an idea of what travelling on the Orient Express was like in its heyday.
Imagine it is the mids, and you are in Istanbul. You dine at the Pera Palas Hotel , the hotel established by the Wagons-Lits Company in specifically to cater for Orient Express clientele, and still a great hotel today.
About 9pm, you head down to Sirkeci station for the departure of the Orient Express. At Sirkeci station, under the station lights, you catch you first glimpse of the blue and gold sleeping-cars of the Orient Express.
It's a very short train - Just four sleeping-cars, with a baggage van fourgon in French at either end. The train isn't so much a train as a collection of through sleeping cars, made up as follows:.
Just one of these two sleepers goes through to Calais for the London connection. Depending on the day of the week, the fourth sleeping-car is either Istanbul-Berlin 4 times a week or Istanbul-Prague 3 times a week.
On board the Orient Express sleeping-cars Each S-type sleeping-car has 10 wood-panelled compartments with either one or two beds one above the other plus a washbasin - there are no baths or showers on board.
The sleeper compartments convert for daytime use into a compact carpeted sitting room with sofa and small table. There is no lounge car or seats car, at least not this side of Trieste.
Agatha Christie needed a 'pullman' salon car for dramatic purposes in 'Murder on the Orient Express', so uses some dramatic licence and writes one into her story.
Very wealthy passengers travelling alone might pay for sole occupancy of a 2-bed compartment, but other passengers would share a compartment with another passenger of the same sex.
At Belgrade the following day, the sleepers bound for Berlin or Prague and Oostende or Paris Gare de l'Est are detached and shunted on to a train for Budapest.
Hercule Poirot's situation will now be clear to aficionados of 'Murder on the Orient Express' - he is travelling to London, so needs to reach Calais.
However, he is unable to get a berth in the Istanbul-Calais sleeper of the Simplon Orient Express 'because the whole world travels tonight Agatha Christie knew her trains..!
The Simplon Orient Express gains some more cars along the way - for example, another sleeping-car a luxurious 'LX' type for Calais is added at Trieste.
Locomotives are changed at every frontier where one national railway system hands over to another, and also at other places in between - for example, Milan Centrale is a terminus, so the train reverses there and gets a fresh locomotive on the other end.
The through sleepers to Calais are shunted around the Paris 'ceinture' literally 'belt' line from the Gare de Lyon to the Gare du Nord, where they are attached to a train for Calais.
No, the sleeping cars aren't loaded onto the ferry at Calais! The only passenger coaches ever to be physically ferried across the Channel were the London-Paris and for a while, London-Brussels sleeping cars of the Night Ferry , which started in , was suspended a few years later for World War II, then ran after the war until withdrawal in Orient Express passengers for London have to leave their sleeping-cars at Calais Maritime and board a ferry for Dover.
On three days of the week when it wasn't running, its departure slot from the Gare de l'Est was taken up by the Arlberg Orient Express , which took a Southerly route through Switzerland via Basel and Innsbruck to reach Vienna.
You can begin to see how the network fitted together You can see from the long list of through cars that this train isn't a whole train running from A to B either, but an assortment of through carriages between different points.
You can see that it now includes ordinary seats cars the carriage symbol and couchettes 'CC' as well as sleeping-cars the bed symbol.
A chronology of the Orient Express The various national railway companies provide the track, the stations and the locomotives.
The Wagons-Lits company provides and staffs the sleeping-cars and dining cars. Passengers pay for a 1st class ticket plus a Wagons-Lits supplement.
The railway companies get the ticket revenue, the Wagons-Lits company get the revenue from the supplement. At Giurgiu, passengers cross the Danube by ferry to Ruse in Bulgaria, where a second train would be waiting for the 7-hour journey to Varna on the Black Sea.
An Austrian Lloyd steamer then connects for the hour sea voyage to Constantinople Istanbul. The Orient Express continues to operate on two days a week beyond Vienna to Giurgiu for the ferry to Ruse, the connecting train to Varna and ship to Istanbul, and on a third day each week it runs beyond Vienna to Belgrade and Nis.
As the railway was incomplete in Bulgaria, horse-drawn carriages took passengers from Nis across the mountains to Plovdiv, where the rail journey resumed for Istanbul.
Arrival in Constantinople was at , 3 nights The new sleepers feature softer suspension and an upper berth which folds more completely away for day use.
The Germans try to run a Berlin-Constantinople train, the 'Balkanzug', without much success. Your stay aboard the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express should be as unique as you are.
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Skip to end of page. It promises to take you not just across Europe, but to transport you back in time. The s saw the Orient Express services at its most popular, with three parallel services running: the Orient Express, the Simplon Orient Express, and also the Arlberg Orient Express, which ran via Zürich and Innsbruck to Budapest, with sleeper cars running onwards from there to Bucharest and Athens.
During this time, the Orient Express acquired its reputation for comfort and luxury, carrying sleeping-cars with permanent service and restaurant cars known for the quality of their cuisine.
Royalty , nobles , diplomats , business people , and the bourgeoisie in general patronized it.
Each of the Orient Express services also incorporated sleeping cars which had run from Calais to Paris, thus extending the service from one end of continental Europe to the other.
The start of the Second World War in again interrupted the service, which did not resume until During the war, the German Mitropa company had run some services on the route through the Balkans ,  but Yugoslav Partisans frequently sabotaged the track, forcing a stop to this service.
Following the end of the war, normal services resumed except on the Athens leg, where the closure of the border between Yugoslavia and the Kingdom of Greece prevented services from running.
That border re-opened in , but the closure of the Bulgarian — Turkish border from to prevented services running to İstanbul during that time.
As the Iron Curtain fell across Europe, the service continued to run, but the Communist nations increasingly replaced the Wagon-Lits cars with carriages run by their own railway services.
This was replaced in by a slower service called the Direct Orient Express, which ran daily cars from Paris to Belgrade, and twice weekly services from Paris to İstanbul and Athens.
In , the Wagon-Lits company stopped running carriages itself and making revenues from a ticket supplement.
Instead, it sold or leased all its carriages to the various national railway companies, but continued to provide staff for the carriages. The withdrawal of the Direct Orient Express was thought by many to signal the end of the Orient Express as a whole, but in fact a service under this name continued to run from Paris to Bucharest as before via Strasbourg, Munich, and Budapest.
However, a through sleeping car from Paris to Bucharest — and even eastwards from Vienna — was only operated until , and also a through seating car was only operated seasonally.
This meant, that Paris—Budapest and Vienna—Bucharest coaches were running overlapped, so a journey was only possible with changing carriages — despite the unchanged name and numbering of the train.
In the Budapest-Bucharest leg of the train was canceled, the new final station has become Budapest. In the summer season of and a sleeping car from Bucharest to Paris reappeared twice a week — now operated by CFR.
This continued until , when the service was cut back to just Paris— Vienna , already in EuroNight quality — but in both cases the coaches were in fact rather attached to a Paris— Strasbourg express.
This service continued daily, listed in the timetables under the name Orient Express , until June 8, In the last years through coaches between Vienna and Karlsruhe continuing first to Dortmund , then to Amsterdam , and finally — partly from Budapest — to Frankfurt were attached.
The very last train with the name Orient-Express now with a hyphen departed from Vienna on the 10th of December , and one day later from Strasbourg.
Though the final service ran only from Strasbourg to Vienna , it was possible to retrace the entire original Orient Express route with four trains: Paris—Strasbourg, Strasbourg—Vienna, Vienna— Belgrade , and Belgrade- İstanbul , each of which were operated daily.
Other routes from Paris to İstanbul exist even today, such as Paris— Munich — Budapest — Bucharest —İstanbul, or Paris—Zürich—Belgrade—İstanbul, all of which have comparable travel times of approximately 60 hours without delays.
The local authorities plan to refit the train to make it available for tourist use around the Balkans in the near future.
In , the th anniversary of the Orient-Express was celebrated by a trip of this train from Paris to İstanbul, and in it was run to Hong Kong via the Soviet Union and China.
From there it was transferred by ferry to Japan , and used there for some excursions after regauging.
After the failure of the American European Express see below , Intraflug became bankrupt, and the carriages were taken over by the Reisebüro Mittelthurgau.
The sleeping cars and some other coaches Pullmans, dining cars, luggage vans were transferred to Russia and used between Moscow and the Mongolian-Chinese border.
The remaining vehicles were used in Germany and Switzerland as diner trains until the company's bankruptcy. Since then the trains have been standing unused in different countries, as the new owners sort out problems with operations due to a lawsuit about the usage rights of the name Orient Express.
In , the Venice-Simplon Orient Express was established as a private venture, running restored s and s carriages from London to Venice.
Two or three times a year, Prague or Vienna and Budapest are also accessed, starting from Venice, and returning to Paris and London.